How Russian scientists try to recreate the making of the universe
RT Documentary’s new film Russia’s NICA: Big Bang questions is about building a collider, Russia’s mega-science project on researching matter and creating the universe.
Scientists have tried to explain the universe and the nature of the world for centuries. With tools like the collider, they can travel 14 billion years back in time by recreating the universe’s beginning after the Big Bang.
The collider is the particle booster. It contains charged particles that move towards each other and collide at the rate of 7,000 per second. This seems a lot, but it takes months and even years of gathering statistics to draw profound conclusions. For example, the Boson was predicted by Peter Higgs in 1964 and was only proved decades later in 2012.
Unlike the Boson experiments, the Russian NICA project promises a larger scale. By constantly monitoring and registering the results, the Russian scientists hope to study matter as they believe it existed just after the Big Bang that formed our universe.
So far, the collider is one of the powerful tools to study particle physics. This is why Russian physicists at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research in Dubna are enthusiastic about building it. The launch date is scheduled for 2022. Once the collider is built, its work will be observed and analysed at a research centre. To get the proper results, the magnetic field, the temperature, and other conditions must be very precisely tuned.