Russian literature and Russian authors have been both respected the world over and cherished by the people of Russia. The Ancient Rus chronicles, written in Old Russian, were grand tales of combat and conquest. However, the truly impressive age of Russia literature came about at the turn of the 19th century.
With the arrival of Romanticism, Russian literature gave rise to many prominent Russian authors who exemplified the style. Chief among these would arguably be Alexander Pushkin, who is considered the greatest Russian poet. Nikolai Gogol is commonly known as the first Russian novelist.
Around the 20th century, several Russian authors gained international and lasting admiration. These include such authors as Leo Tolstoy and Fyodor Dostoyevsky. Atone Chekhov displayed his talent mainly through classic short stories.
Post-Revolution Russian authors diverged from each other both politically and culturally. In the mid-20th century, Socialist realism was the predominant style, with Maxim Gorky epitomizing the genre. By the end of the 20th century, Russian authors branched off from traditional Russian styles and contributed to literary genres of all sorts. Some notable figures of this time were Viktor Sorokin and the poet Dmitry Prigov.